Resources and Tools Related to Evaluation
"This section was created with the support of Tammy Horne, WellQuest"
|Abby-Livingston, Diane and Abbey, David S. (1982).
Enjoying research? A how-to manual on needs assessment. Produced for: the
Recreation branch of the Ontario Ministry of Tourism and Recreation. Available
Alberta Health (1995). Assessing community health needs: A guide for
regional health authorities. Edmonton, AB: Author.
Barnsley, J., & Ellis, D. (1992). Research for social
change: Participatory action research for community groups. Vancouver, BC:
Women’s Research Centre.
Catalano, R.F., Berglund, M.L., Ryan, J.A.M., Lonczak, H.C., & Hawkins,
J.D. (1998). Positive youth development in the United States: Research
findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. A report to
United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant
Secretary for Planning and Evaluation and National Institute for Child Health
and Human Development by Social Development Research Group, University of
Washington, Seattle, Wash.
Chenoweth, David . (2001) . Decision points around evaluation. AWHP's
Worksite Health Journal, summer, 8-14.
Dahlberg, L.L., Toal, S.B. & Behrons, C.B. (1998). Measuring
violence-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among youth: A compendium of
assessment tools. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.
Edmonton Social Planning Council (1993). Doing it right: A needs
assessment workbook. Edmonton, AB: Author.
Ellis, D., Reid, G., & Barnsley, J. (1990). Keeping on track: An
evaluation guide for community groups. Vancouver, BC: Women’s Research
Farell, Kratzmann, McWilliam, Robinson, Saunders, Ticknor & White (2002).
Evaluation made Very easy, Accessible and Logical (EVAL). Dalhousie
Feather, J., McGowan, V., & Moore, M. (1994). Planning health
needs assessment: The basic choices. Saskatoon, SK: Prairie Region Health
Promotion Research Centre (University of Saskatchewan).
Fetterman, D.M., Kaftarian, S.J. & Wandersman, A. (Eds). (1996). Empowerment
Evaluation: Knowledge and tools for self-assessment and accountability.
Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks.
Jackson S, Edward R, Kahan B, Goodstat M. (2001). An Assessment of
the Methods and Concepts Used to Synthesize the Evidence of Effectiveness in
Health Promotion: A Review
of 17 Initiatives. Toronto: Canadian Consortium of Health Promotion Research
Keck, J., Dauphinais, H., & Lewko, J. (1988). Critical paths:
Organizing on health issues in the community. Toronto, ON: Between the
Soriano, F.I. (1995). Conducting needs assessments: A
multidisciplinary approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Witkin, B.R., & Altschuld, J.W. (1995). Planning and conducting
needs assessments: A practical guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Evidence-based Decision Making and Indicators
|Alberta Health (1995). Evidence-based decision
making: A guide to using indicators in health planning. Edmonton, AB:
Debruin, A., Picavet, H.S.J., Nossikov, A. (1996). Health interview
surveys: Towards International harmonization of methods and instruments.
Copenhagen, Denmark: World Health Organizations.
Dwyer, J.J.M., & Makin, S. (1997). In Canadian Journal of Public
Health, November-December 1997.
Using a program logic model that focuses on performance measurement to
develop a program.
Describes the uses of logic models, how to create and use logic models,
definitions of elements of the model such as objectives and indicators, and
includes a model based on a hypothetical prenatal education program.
McDowell, I., & Newell, C. (1996). Measuring health: A guide to
rating scales and questionnaires. New York: Oxford.
National Forum on Health (1997). Canada health action: Building on the
legacy. Ottawa, ON: Author. (Includes a section on evidence-based decision
Institute of Medicine (1997). Improving health in the community: A
role for performance monitoring. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Perkins, Elizabeth R, Simnett, Ina (Ed), Wright Linda (Ed). February
1999. Evidence-based Health Promotion book.
|Borus, M., Buntz, C., and Tash, W. Evaluating
the Impact of Health Programs: A Primer. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1982.
Brinkerhoff, R., Brethower, D., Hluchyj, T. and Nowakowski, J. Program
Evaluation. A Practitioners Guide for Trainers and Educators. Sourcebook and
Design Manual Boston:Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing. 1983.
Cheadle, A., et. al. "Environmental Indicators: a Tool for
Evaluating Community-based Health-promotion Programs." In American
Journal of Preventive Medicine. 8(6):345-50. 1992
Chollat-Traquet, C. (1996). Evaluating tobacco control activities:
Experiences and guiding principles. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health
Dignan, M.B., & Carr, P.A. (1992). Program planning for health
education and promotion. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febinger.
Dwyer, J.J.M. (1996). In Public Health & Epidemiology Report Ontario,
Applying program logic model in program planning and evaluation
Provides an overview of the logic model, including a case study of a bicycle
safety program, with attention to the plausibility of the model.
Fitz-Gibbon, c. and Morris, L. How to Design a Program Evaluation.
Newbury Park, California, Sage Publications. 1987.
Flay, B. and Best, A. "Overcoming Design Problems in Evaluation of
Health Behaviors Programmes" in Evaluation and the Health Professions
Friedman M. A Guide to Developing and Using Performance Measures in
Results-based Budgeting, May 1997
A Guide for Evaluating Prevention Effectiveness. (1998) Center for
Substance Abuse Prevention. Distributor: National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and
Drug Information. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Guba, E.G., & Lincoln, Y.S. (1989). Fourth generation evaluation.
Newbury Park, NJ: Sage.
Hatry, H., van Houten, T., Plantz, M., & Greenway, M.T. (1996).
Measuring program outcomes: A practical approach. Washington, D.C.: United
Way of America. - www.unitedway.org
Health Canada (1996). Guide to project evaluation: A participatory
approach. Ottawa, ON: Author.
Health Communication Unit (1997). Evaluating health promotion
programs. Toronto, ON: Centre for Health Promotion (University of Toronto).
Can download as PDF file from http://www.thcu.ca/infoandresources/evaluation_resources.htm#tp
Health Communication Unit (1999). Introduction
9-step approach to evaluating health promotion programs.
Henerson, M., Morris, L. and Fitz-Gibbon, C., How to Measure Attitudes
Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications. 1987.
Horne, T. (1995). Making a difference: Program evaluation for health
promotion. Edmonton, AB: WellQuest Consulting Ltd. - http://www.web.net/~tamhorne/
A Tool for Allocating Hospital Costs
Management Sciences for Health
Labonte, R., & Feather, J. (1996). Handbook on using stories in
health promotion practice. Ottawa, ON: Health Canada.
Love, A.J. (1991). Evaluation methods sourcebook. Ottawa, ON:
Canadian Evaluation Society.
Love, A.J. (1995). Evaluation methods sourcebook II. Ottawa, ON:
Canadian Evaluation Society.
McLaughlin, J.A., & Jordan, G.B. (1999). In Evaluation and Program
Logic models: A tool for telling your program's performance story
Discusses how the logic model can help managers answer the question of
whether programs address problems appropriate for the program and organization,
with examples and attention to contextual factors that affect programs.
McNamara, Carter PhD (last revised: February 16, 1998). Basic Guide
to Program Evaluation - www.mapnp.org/library/evaluatn/fnl_eval.htm.
St. Paul, MN
and Improving Costs, Cost-Effectiveness, and Cost-Benefit for Substance Abuse
Treatment Programs: A Manual
National Institutes of Health (NIH) - U.S.
Morris, L., Fitz-Gibbon, C. and Freeman, M. How to Communicate
Evaluation Findings. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications. 1987.
Nutbeam, D., et. al. "Maintaining Evaluation Designs in Long Term
Community based Health Promotion Programmes:Heartbeat Wales Case Study." Journal
of Epidemiology and Community Health. 47(2):127-33. 1993.
Parrott, L. and Condit, C. Evaluating Women's Health Messages: A
Resource Book. California:Sage Publications. 1996.
Patton, M.Q. (1987). Using qualitative methods in evaluation.
Newbury Park, NJ: Sage.
Patton, M.Q. (1997). Utilization-focused evaluation: The new century
text. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Posavac, E.J., & Carey, R.G. (1989). Program evaluation: Methods
and case studies. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Rossi, P.H., & Freeman, H.E. (1983). Evaluation: A systematic
approach. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Edited by Irving Rootman, Michael Goodstadt, Brian Hyndman, David V. McQueen,
Louise Potvin, Jane Springett and Erio Ziglio.(2001). Evaluation in
health promotion. Principles and perspectives. WHO Regional
Publications: European Series, No. 92
Rush, B., and Ogborne, A. (1991). In The Canadian Journal of Program
Evaluation. 6 (1), 95-106.
Program logic models: expanding their role and structure for program planning
Abstract: Schematic representations of a program sometimes referred to as
program logic models, have been used for a number of years as a means of
clarifying the purposes of a program and the causal assumptions on which it is
based. This paper discusses some of the benefits of expanding the structure of
these logic models by clearly separating implementation and outcome objectives
within the objectives hierarchy of the program. Benefits of constructing these
logic models for program planning and other purposes are also discussed.
Russell, L. B., Is Prevention Better than Cure (chapter 5),
Studies in Social Economics, The Brookings Institute, Washington D.C. 1986
University of Ottawa Community Health Research Unit. A Program
Available at http://www.medicine.uottawa.ca/epid/chru/toolkitdesc.htm
Describes what a logic model is, why a logic model is useful, elements of a
logic model, how to create a logic model, and provides an example.
Woodward, C., and Chambers, L. Guide to Questionnaire Construction and
Question Writing. Ottawa:Canadian Public Health Association. 1980.
Woodward, C., Chambers, L. and Smith, K. Guide to Improved Data
Collection in Health and Health Care Surveys. Ottawa: Canadian Public Health
W.K. Kellogg Foundation (1998). Evaluation handbook. Battle Creek,
MI: Author. – http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Tools/Evaluation/Pub770.pdf.
A discussion of the use of program logic models to measure program impacts, with
attention to types of logic models (focused on activities, outcomes or theory).
Wong-Reiger, D., & David, L. (1994). A hands-on guide to planning
and evaluation: How to plan and evaluate programs in community-based
organizations. Ottawa: Canadian Hemophilia Society (Note: copies of this
document are available from the National AIDS Clearinghouse in Ottawa; telephone
|A Good Overview
Mertens, D.M. (1998). Research methods in education and psychology:
Integrating diversity with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Thousand
Oaks, CA: Sage.
|Fowler, F.J. (1993). Survey research methods. Newbury
Park, NJ: Sage.
Fowler, F.J. (1995). Improving survey questions: Design and
evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Sallant, P.S., & Dillman, D.A. (1994). How to conduct your own
survey. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
|Bogdan, R.C., & Biklen, S.K. (1992).
Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods. Boston,
MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Henderson, K.A. (1991). Dimensions of choice: A qualitative approach
to recreation, parks and leisure research. State College, PA: Venture
Kirby, S.L., & McKenna, K. (1989). Research, experience, social
change: Methods from the margins. Toronto, ON: Garamond.
Krueger, R.A. (1994). Focus groups. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Kvale, S. (1996). InterViews: An introduction to qualitative research
interviewing. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Morse, J.M., & Field, P.A. (1995). Qualitative research methods
for health professionals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Qualitative and Quantitative Data for Health Education Program Planning,
Implementation, and Evaluation: a Spiral Approach." In Health Education
Quarterly. 19(1):101-15. 1992.
|Gordis, L. (1996). Epidemiology. Philadelphia,
PA: W.B. Saunders Company.
Norman, G.R., & Streiner, D.L. (1986). PDQ statistics.
Toronto, ON: B.C. Decker, Inc.
Streiner, D.L., Norman, G.R., Monroe Blum, H. (1989). PDQ epidemiology.
Toronto, ON: B.C. Decker, Inc.
The American Evaluation Association - www.eval.org
Chelimsky, E. & Shadish, W.R. (xxx) Evaluation for the 21st
The Prevention Dividend Project - http://www.prevention-dividend.com/en/tools/evaluation_tools.htm
Updated June 17, 2004